Land of Legends
A Sloop is a sail boat with a single mast and a fore-and-aft rig comprising a mainsail and a single foresail (or headsail). By comparison, a Cutter has a mainsail and at least two foresails, and its mast may be set further aft than on a sloop. Sloops are either masthead-rigged or fractional-rigged. On a masthead-rigged sloop, the forestay (on which the headsail is carried) attaches at the top of the mast. The mainsail may be smaller than the headsail, which is then called a genoa jib. On a fractional-rigged sloop, the forestay attaches to the mast at a point below the top, typically 3/4 of the way to top, or perhaps 7/8 or some other fraction. The mast of a fractional-rigged sloop may be placed farther forward, and compared to a masthead-rigged sloop, this results in a rather smaller jib relative to the size of the mainsail.No rig type is perfect for all conditions. Sloops, with their paucity of spars and control lines tend to impart less aerodynamic drag. Compared to other rigs, sloops tend to perform very well when sailing close hauled to windward ; and sloops offer a sound overall compromise of abilities on all points of sail. However the Cutter is preferred for deep water travel.